The data are Indian Ocean pseudostresses from ship reports on a 90x54 grid, 1 grid/month. We acknowledge the support of NOAA Office of Global Programs, TOGA Project for this project.
The analyses are the Research-Quality product based on the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) surface marine observations data (TD-1129) for the years 1980-present. The analyses for the years 1970-1979 are based on the COADS CMR5 individual ship observations.
The data are in (meters/sec)**2 with east = positive and north = positive. Any tau x and tau y with a value of 999.0 is over land or indicate where data is not available. The data are on a 1 by 1 degree grid. There are 90 points e-w and 54 points n-s.
tau x( 1, 1) and tau y( 1, 1) are centered at 30.5e and 29.5s tau x( 2, 1) " " are centered at 31.5e and 29.5s . . tau x(89, 1) " " are centered at 118.5e and 29.5s tau x(90, 1) " " are centered at 119.5e and 29.5s tau x( 1, 2) " " are centered at 30.5e and 28.5s tau x( 1, 3) " " are centered at 30.5e and 27.5s . . tau x( 1,53) " " are centered at 30.5e and 22.5n tau x( 1,54) " " are centered at 30.5e and 23.5n
The following code is an example of reading the data. Note: the data in the files are scaled up by a factor of 10, and that using this format will scale them to the proper numbers.
program readwd dimension taux(90,54),tauy(90,54) * * read 1 month wind stress grid * read (1,10) month,iyear,taux,tauy 10 format (2i5,14f5.1,/(16f5.1)) . . . . . end
The climatology files (70-76ndn.cli, 70-92ndn.cli and 77-92.cli) have the same layout as the yearly data files, with the exception that the year variable reflects the period of the climatology: xxyy, where 19xx is the beginning year, and 19yy is the ending year. To retrieve these values in fortran:
read (1,10) month,iyear,taux,tauy begin_year=iyear/100+1900 end_year=mod(iyear,100)+1900Note: the climatology (*.cli) files contain tau x and tau y fields for for each of the 12 calendar months and a 13th set of tau x and tau y fields thatrepresents the overall average (all months and years combined).
Legler, David M., James N. Stricherz, and James J. O'Brien, 1997: TOGA Pseudostress Atlas 1985-1994, Volume III: Indian Ocean, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 155 pp.
Stricherz, J., D. M. Legler, and J. J. O'Brien, 1993: Atlas of Florida State University Indian Ocean Winds for TOGA 1970-1985, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 250 pp.
Legler, D. M., I. M. Navon, and J. J. O'Brien, 1989: Objective Analysis of Pseudostress Over the Indian Ocean Using a Direct-Minimization Approach. Monthly Weather Review, 117, 709-720.
Slutz, R. J., S. J. Lubker, J. D. Hiscox, S. D. Woodruff, R. L. Jenne, D. H. Joseph, P. M. Seurer and J. D. Elms, COADS-Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set, CIRES/ERL/NCAR/NCDC, Boulder, CO, 1985.
Shawn R. Smith
The Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32306-2840
Voice: (850) 644-6918
Fax: (850) 644-4841
Last Revised: 21 September 2004