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Science, 332(6029), 580–583.
Abstract: Atmospheric forcing, which is known to have a strong influence on surface ocean dynamics and production, is typically not considered in studies of the deep sea. Our observations and models demonstrate an unexpected influence of surface-generated mesoscale eddies in the transport of hydrothermal vent efflux and of vent larvae away from the northern East Pacific Rise. Transport by these deep-reaching eddies provides a mechanism for spreading the hydrothermal chemical and heat flux into the deep-ocean interior and for dispersing propagules hundreds of kilometers between isolated and ephemeral communities. Because the eddies interacting with the East Pacific Rise are formed seasonally and are sensitive to phenomena such as El Nino, they have the potential to introduce seasonal to interannual atmospheric variations into the deep sea.
Arbic, B. K., Wallcraft, A. J., & Metzger, E. J. (2010). Concurrent simulation of the eddying general circulation and tides in a global ocean model.
Ocean Modelling, 32(3-4), 175–187.
Baigorria, G. A., Chelliah, M., Mo, K. C., Romero, C. C., Jones, J. W., O'Brien, J. J., et al. (2010). Forecasting Cotton Yield in the Southeastern United States using Coupled Global Circulation Models.
Agronomy Journal, 102(1), 187.
Bourassa, M. A., Rodriguez, E., & Gaston, R. (2010). NASA's Ocean Vector Winds Science Team Workshops.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91(7), 925–928.
Bozec, A., Lozier, M. S., Chassignet, E. P., & Halliwell, G. R. (2011). On the variability of the Mediterranean Outflow Water in the North Atlantic from 1948 to 2006.
J. Geophys. Res., 116(C9).
Cammarano, D., Basso, B., Stefanova, L., & Grace, P. (2012). Adapting wheat sowing dates to projected climate change in the Australian subtropics: analysis of crop water use and yield.
Crop Pasture Sci., 63(10), 974.
Chan, S. C., & Misra, V. (2010). A Diagnosis of the 1979-2005 Extreme Rainfall Events in the Southeastern United States with Isentropic Moisture Tracing.
Mon. Wea. Rev., 138(4), 1172–1185.
Chan, S. C., & Misra, V. (2011). Dynamic Downscaling of the North American Monsoon with the NCEP-Scripps Regional Spectral Model from the NCEP CFS Global Model.
J. Climate, 24(3), 653–673.
Chan, S. C., Misra, V., & Smith, H. (2011). A modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles: ATLANTIC WARM POOL, EASTERLIES, ISLANDS INTERACTIONS.
J. Geophys. Res., 116(D21).
Chassignet, E., Cenedese, E., & Verron, J. (2012).
Buoyancy-Drivenn Flows. Cambridge University Press.